Omega 3 Testing
Measures percentages of omega-3 fatty acids EPA, DPA and DHA as a potential indicator of various health risks.
DHA Testing
Indicates whether mothers are providing adequate DHA levels to their infants through breastfeeding.
Hair Cortisol Analysis
Provides a complementary method of monitoring stress and cortisol exposure in the body over longer periods of time.
IgG Food Sensitivity
A valuable tool often used to help design elimination diets for patients with several chronic conditions.
Hair Mineral Analysis
Provides the basis for a nutritional balancing program to establish and maintain optimal levels of wellness.

Disorders of Copper, Zinc and Iron Metabolism

Copper, zinc and iron are essential cationic trace elements. They are transferred and utilized as inorganic ions and transported by specific carriers across membranes. They also require carriers to maintain their solubility within the intra- and extracellular compartments. Their homeostasis is controlled primarily by the gastrointestinal tract and the liver. Each of these elements has its own specific function and metabolic control. [1]. The diagnosis of deficiencies or excesses of copper and zinc can be difficult, since no single test reliably indicates whether an individual is at risk. The clinical state, homeostatic mechanisms, metabolism and tissue distribution all have to be considered for the interpretation of data [1].

Copper is a component of many biologically important enzymes, such as cytochrome oxidase, superoxide dismutase, tyrosinase, dopamine-beta-hydroxylase, lysyl oxidase and ceruloplasmin.

Zinc plays a key role in biological functions. It stabilizes organic polymers, participates in hormone binding to nuclear and cell membrane receptors, gene transcription factors and has a regulatory and catalytic role in enzyme function. Numerous zinc metalloprotiens have been identified: alkaline phosphatise, superoxide dismutase, aminopeptidases, angiotensin converting enzymes, endopeptidase, collagenase, carboxyl-peptidases and others [1].

Iron is essential for oxygen transport and utilization and for many oxidation-reduction reactions within the cell, especially for electron conduction in mitochondria. Hemoglobin, myoglobin, cytochromes, catalase or hydroxylases are iron-containing proteins involved in oxygen-binding, transport and detoxification. Transferrin and lactoferrin are iron-transporting proteins and ferritin is the iron storage protein. Both excess or deficiency of iron may be harmful [1].

The inborn errors of copper, zinc and iron metabolism are related to their transport across membranes and within the cells.

Kurt Baerlocher, Marc Solioz